- Goodale, Christine
Atmospheric nitrogen deposition can have a range of adverse consequences for ecosystems, often marked by increased nitrate loss in drainage waters. Nitrate is a form of nitrogen that is produced by microorganisms when there is an abundance of biologically available nitrogen. However, this process acidifies soils, and nitrate leaching or loss from soil contributes to stream acidification. Nitrate losses can be difficult to predict, and many factors affect nitrogen retention.